By Richard Evans
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Extra info for A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship
The entire citizen body with their wives and children poured out to greet him. The priests in their official robes welcomed him as he entered the city. It was as if the gods themselves had left their shrines to receive him. 15 He also probably felt he had little choice but to support Athens, for not only was he popular there, and the city had also made its position as a friend of Rome evident at Phoenice, but – possibly most importantly – should Athens fall to Philip, his next target would be Aegina, Attalus’ own possession.
30 There is, after all, something quite baffling in the account of Eumenes’ intrigues with Perseus. Eumenes had been a long-standing loyal ally of the Romans and had actively participated in the victory over Antiochus at Magnesia ad Sipylum, gaining immeasurably from this action both in terms of territorial additions to his kingdom and also of personal auctoritas throughout a particularly fragmented and unstable region of the Eastern 38 A History of Pergamum Mediterranean. He had maintained this close friendship from the Treaty of Apamea, had warned the Romans, probably repeatedly, of Perseus’ ambitions in Greece and beyond, and had been subjected to an assassination attempt possibly orchestrated by the Macedonian king just prior to the hostilities opening in 171.
Antiochus had returned north from his defeat at Raphia in 217 at the hands of a Ptolemaic army 22 A History of Pergamum and determined instead on regaining those lands which his cousin Achaeus had expropriated and in which he had proclaimed himself king. 4) that, prior to the actual start of any military activities, Antiochus had sent envoys to Attalus in which they agreed to be allies. Attalus was to attack Achaeus in conjunction with Antiochus’ advance from Cilicia. However, this was no treaty of equals.
A History of Pergamum: Beyond Hellenistic Kingship by Richard Evans