ISBN-10: 081306063X

ISBN-13: 9780813060637

“Brings jointly for the 1st time the entire significant websites of this a part of the Maya international and is helping us know the way the traditional Maya deliberate and outfitted their appealing towns. it's going to turn into either a instruction manual and a resource of rules for different archaeologists for years to come.”—George J. Bey III, coeditor of Pottery Economics in Mesoamerica
“Skillfully integrates the social histories of city development.”—Vernon L. Scarborough, writer of The circulate of energy: old Water structures and Landscapes
“Any pupil attracted to city making plans and the outfitted surroundings will locate this booklet enticing and useful.”—Lisa J. Lucero, writer of Water and Ritual

For greater than a century researchers have studied Maya ruins, and websites like Tikal, Palenque, Copán, and Chichén Itzá have formed our realizing of the Maya. but towns of the jap lowlands of Belize, a space that was once domestic to a wealthy city culture that endured and advanced for nearly 2,000 years, are handled as peripheral to those nice vintage interval websites. the recent and humid weather and dense forests are inhospitable and make maintenance of the ruins tough, yet this oft-ignored quarter finds a lot approximately Maya urbanism and culture.

utilizing information amassed from assorted websites in the course of the lowlands, together with the Vaca Plateau and the Belize River Valley, Brett Houk provides the 1st synthesis of those specific ruins and discusses tools for mapping and excavating them. contemplating the websites throughout the analytical lenses of the equipped atmosphere and historical city making plans, Houk vividly reconstructs their political background, considers how they healthy into the bigger political panorama of the vintage Maya, and examines what they let us know approximately Maya urban building. 

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However, middle-level meaning is not as culturally specific; even modern-day visitors to Tikal immediately admire the grand scale of the site’s epicenter. Lower-level meaning is what Rapoport (1988:325) called everyday and instrumental. It includes architectural cues about how to behave, where to walk, the function of a structure, or the private nature of a room. Rapoport (1988:326) observes that lower-level meanings “enable people to judge the situation, to act appropriately . . to know who does what, where, when, including/ excluding whom” (emphasis in original).

For decades archaeologists had assumed he had been killed or captured several months earlier following a defeat by Calukmul’s great rival, Tikal. The model of the Classic period Maya that I have outlined here fits what Hansen (2000:16–17) has called a city-state culture. The region that is today marked by the archaeological remains of the ancient Maya was occupied by people who shared a common culture and spoke related languages but were divided politically into a large number of polities spread across the lowlands.

The former heavily influences reconstructions of chronology and political history while the latter impacts discussions of planning and interpretations of meaning in site plans. To facilitate an understanding of how we read Maya maps, this chapter concludes with a discussion about how archaeologists collect and portray mapping data. The Built Environment and Site Planning: Approaches to Studying Maya Cities As mentioned in Chapter 1, this book views the cities of the eastern lowlands through two analytical filters: the built environment, which is perhaps best suited to studying the development of an individual city, and ancient urban planning analysis, which can be used to examine the relationship between cities (Houk and Zaro 2012a).

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Ancient Maya Cities of the Eastern Lowlands by HOUK

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