By Matt Waters
The Achaemenid Persian Empire, at its maximum territorial quantity less than Darius I (r. 522-486 BCE), held sway over territory stretching from the Indus River Valley to southeastern Europe and from the western Himalayas to northeast Africa. during this booklet, Matt Waters provides an in depth ancient evaluation of the Achaemenid interval whereas contemplating the manifold interpretive difficulties historians face in developing and figuring out its background. This ebook deals a Persian standpoint even if hoping on Greek textual resources and archaeological proof. Waters situates the tale of the Achaemenid Persians within the context in their predecessors within the mid-first millennium BCE and during their successors after the Macedonian conquest, developing a compelling narrative of the way the empire retained its energy for greater than 200 years (c. 550-330 BCE) and left a tremendous imprint on center japanese in addition to Greek and eu background.
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Additional resources for Ancient Persia: A Concise History of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE
One is also directed to Table 1 in Hasegawa 2010. 91 For a full edition of this inscription see Mahmud and Black 1985–1986. 92 Schramm (1972, pp. 513–521) argued a strong case against the regency thesis, however the publication of the Pazarcik stele (Donbaz 1990) should have led to a re-examination of this issue, which is taken up in chapter three. 94 However, when the text is read in accordance with the Pazarcik stele, it is clear that this inscription records the deeds of at least two military campaigns in Syria: the first against the north Syrian alliance led by Arpad (also recorded in the Parazcik stele); and the second was the victory over Aram-Damascus.
The royal inscription on the Tell Sheikh Hamad stele should be included among the earlier inscriptions from the reign, but after those that mention Sammu-ramāt. While Sammu-ramāt is absent, so too is the governor of the relevant region, Nergal-ēriš, who wrote an inscription later on the side of this stele. This means that there was a period between Sammuramāt’s presence in the royal court and that of the elevation of Nergal-ēriš to governor of Raṣappa. Important too is the absence of the campaign against Aram-Damascus in the war report.
The Compositional Chronology of Adad-nīrārī III’s Stele Inscriptions It has been maintained thus far that there is a definite chronological arrangement of the historical narrative in the stele inscriptions. We will now defend this view by analysing the inscriptions in order to determine their compositional chronology. By identifying the order in which the inscriptions were composed, one is able to determine a relative chronology for Adad-nīrārī’s reign. There are three main points of investigation by which we have determined the compositional chronology: absolute dating and year formulae; identifying named persons; and distinguishing military campaigns.
Ancient Persia: A Concise History of the Achaemenid Empire, 550-330 BCE by Matt Waters